What are SSL Certificates
SSL stands for Secure Sockets Layers. It is actually a standard security protocol for the establishment of the encrypted links between a web server and a browser. SSL Certificates are those which are installed on web pages that appeal some sensitive information from the users like passwords or details of the payment. So, you may want it to add to many pages like login pages or payment pages. When the encryptions are present it automatically activates a lock by which nobody can see the activities being performed online resulting in a secure connection. It also prevents the data like card information or passwords to be stolen by the hackers. These days it’s also turning essential for the social media sites. As for the viewers, while browsing, it becomes easy to identify SSL sites. One way to get if the site is secure or not, just see if there is a padlock next to the URL. For example, if on Google in case we search for any popular sites especially any e-commerce site, the SSL certificate is necessary to prove the identity to the users as its available for everyone to check the identity of the company. One more way to find out whether the site is strong or not, have a look at the URL if at the starting you see “https://” and not “HTTP://” then the site is safe. The difference is of the “s” which stands for secure. To, start with the secure browsing sessions just install the certificate and after that, the web traffic between the web browser and the web server will no longer be in danger.
Why do we need SSL Certificate
1. It makes the site look trustworthy to the viewers
2. It even helps secure information like passwords and data.
3. It will also help in elevating rankings on the search engine.
4. It can even help boost conversion rate as the users will feel safe buying anything from your site.
SSL Certificate by Validation
In this SSL Certificate, the Certificate Authority actually confirms the identity of the person or the company whoever is applying. When any of the security certificates is not trusted the users will get a pop up receiving the information that it is not trusted. Any of the certificates will provide with the protection, not mattering the type of validation. But some of the authorities require more validation for certain services, like some payment system will require more validation then any plain domain as the verification is important if the company existing is registered or not. There are mainly three types of certificates.
1. Domain Validated
Domain validated SSL Certificates proves that the domain is registered and the authority can validate through email, HTTP or DNS. While validating through an e-mail the certificate authority will receive an email with the link of a certificate to verify. Through the DNS verification, the owner verifies that they own the site. In an HTTP verification, the owner has to create and save a text file in the public web root. It is actually very easy to get as the only thing one has to do is prove the ownership and these are encryption certificates only.
(a) The process is automated resulting it to be cost-effective.
(b) It is time saviour too as it takes a few minutes for the verification
(a)There are no verified identities in Domain Validated Certificates and it’s not as secure as others. Any hacker could get one and then hide their identity.
(b) Potential buyers will not be very comfortable sharing their payment information on this kind of certificate.
2. Organization validated
By this SSL certificate, one will verify that he owns the domain and the company in a particular country or state or city. This doesn’t eat up much of your time for the verification as it is something like getting a domain validated certificate. These also help in getting your company’s information in the certificate detail. More than the handful of information making it valid, people are more likely to buy.
3. Extended validation
In this SSL certificate, the owner will require more records to prove the ownership of a company. It is basically same as the domain validated and the organization validated, but the only difference is that it prove whether the company is legally registered or not and if the company is aware of the request of SSL certificate and the approval. But this one will take time and you can see these easily before the URL as the company’s name will be mentioned. But this one is slightly different, it will only approve when one will prove two things i.e. the location of the company and operational existence and even consistency between these two. Later the institution will provide with the authorization to the website and the company.
SSL Certificates by secured domains
The scope of these certificates can be limited. In this, you have to provide them with a lit of subdomains that too are secured as this SSL certificate is not automatically securing both domains and sub-domains. In case anyone tries to use this certificate for a sub-domain which is not on the list then the users will get a security warning.
4. Single name and wild card
The single name SSL certificate will protect one sub-domain. It is actually an apt choice if one needs to add a certificate to one sub-domain that in case was left out or added up later. This one is good as it secures a number of sub-domains for just single domain
This SSL Certificate will secure various domains with just one certificate. The biggest advantage of multidomain SSL Certificate is that one can combine several hostnames regardless of the fact that they are from the same domain or not.
SSL Certificates can provide you with a lot of advantages online which are actually important if you have services online. Be selective with your choice whether you want to certify one or multiple or all of your domains and subdomains.